A compass to be used to get oriented before starting your journey across the universe of fabrics, a short user’s manual for beginners including the most common terms used to define the peculiarities and production processes typical of the textile market. This glossary supplies a comprehensive list of the most common technical words used in the field.
The bacteriostatic treatment prevents or slackens the proliferation of bacteria which causes bad odours.
Fabric that prevents the proliferation of bacteria.
Fabric that feels furry and soft.
Fabric that does not undergo variations in performance in environments with active chlorine.
The fabric knits are placed one next to the other in the horizontal direction, with the possibility of un-knitting the fabric by unravelling the free end of the yarn.
coldblack® finishing reduces absorption of heat rays in dark colours. The result is tangibly better heat management: all the fabric with coldblack® finishing heat up less, even in direct sunlight.
Ability of a fabric to maintain the recovery values as per data sheet.
Synthetic polyurethane fibre (synthetic rubber).
Fabric absorbs sweat and allows its natural evaporation.
Fabric provides outstanding coverage without risk of see-through.
Fabric that fits pleasantly without constraining, assuring freedom in movements.
Assessment scale from 1 (worst condition) to 5 (best condition) that expresses the degree of fading of a dyed fabric or the change in colour of the same.
Set of fibrous products that have the property of fusing together, through spinning, into thin, strong and flexible yarns.
Process that allows the ennobling of fabrics.
Fibre with hollow section that gives the fabric lightness and thermal insulation properties.
Due to the hydrophilic treatment the fabric absorbs water spreading it quickly. This reduces the concentration of water per sq/cm : body temperature and the exhange of water particle with air ensure a faster drying time.
Digital printing – printing process involving the application of dyes through ink jet printing.
Process that allows joining two or more fabrics together.
Fabrics with LYCRA® XTRA LIFE™ fibre are designed to guarantee a much higher resistance to damaging effects caused by external agents such as heat, chlorine and sunscreens.
Fabric with multifilament yarns.
Fabric recovery force after being stretched.
Transfers perspiration away from the skin.
Process that allows obtaining predefined shapes (e.g. brassiere cups).
Fabric that assure right muscle compression during physical activity, slashing lactic acid formation.
Thanks to its elastic memory which keeps it from curling at the edges it is ideal even for raw cut.
Polyester derivative synthetic fibre that can be used, in the textured version, to give elasticity to fabrics.
The fabric elasticity moulds to the body without be constricting, allowing the best freedom in movements.
Fabric that is always smooth and pleasant to the touch. Tests demonstrate that it resists to abrasions and pilling, with the highest value of 5.
Synthetic fibre derived from the polymerisation of caprolactam.
Polyester is a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Although there are many polyesters, the term "polyester" as a specific material most commonly refers to polyethylene terephthalate (PET).
Also know as "warm fibre" thanks to the pleasant sensation of wellbeing, the warm and dry feeling it offers, polypropylene is the best polymer for protection against humidity and is a tough natural barrier against cold. Hollow polypropylene is also extremely light, water repellent, bacteria-proof and guarantees a high level of comfort and hygienic protection when in contact with the skin.
Fabric that dries quickly, removing the unpleasant wet sensation on the skin, avoiding irritating rubbing.
Recycled yarn from waste material that is completely reconverted and transformed into new raw material.
Printing process involving the application of dyes on fabric with a rotating cylinder.
Fabric that does not trap grains of sand between the fibers.
Garments that maintain their shape even after several uses.
Soft fabric, pleasant to the touch.
Fabric undergoes a special treatment, avoiding stain forming.
Printing process involving the allocation of the printing dyes on fabric through a screen.
Test that assesses the percent elongation of a fabric subjected to a set load force.
Fabric that has an highly resistance to sun creams and oils.
Fabric that allows perfect regulation of body temperature.
Fabric with stretch properties on both directions.
Very thin fabric ( 50% thinner than a classic charmeuse).
Fabric that is considerably resistant to attack by active chlorine.
Ultraviolet Protection Factor – a fabric’s ability to protect from UV rays.
A fabric's ability to offer highly protection from UV rays (UPF 50+ is the maximum value obtainable).
Fabric which has a thick layer of short cut threads on one side.
Orientation of the piece length or of the yarn.
Knits are arranged in a vertical row. The fabric will take shape when several yarns, which follow the same processing, are knitted together. In this case it is not possible to un-knit the fabric.
Thanks to water repellent treatment the fabrics are stain resistant and water proof.
Defines the arrangement of the yarns in the fabric (fabric construction).
Orientation of the width of the fabric (from selvage to selvage) or of the yarn.
Fabrics with XTRA FINE technology by LYCRA brand are elegant, lightweight and particularly soft, providing exquisite “barely there” comfort.